Choose a Career in Cytotechnology

FAQ'S | Resources & Links 

Cytotechnology is an allied health specialty that offers exciting possibilities for those interested in a career in science and a significant role in health care. Simply put, cytotechnologists are “cell detectives.” As a cytotechnologist, you’ll play a crucial part in the discovery and detection of cancer and pre-cancerous changes in cells using a microscope. Cytotechnology is a challenging and rewarding profession for those who thrive working independently as well as part of a team.


What does a Cytotechnologist do?

Through the use of a microscope, cytotechnologists examine and study human cells. Cytotechnologists are typically employed in hospitals and private medical laboratories, university medical centers and government facilities, as well as industry settings.


Breast Cancer Cells


Cytotechnologists are trained to look for abnormalities such as cancerous cells,  pre-cancerous cells or infectious disease. Most notably, cytotechnologists are responsible for the interpretation of the Pap test — a test of cervical cells that checks for changes in these cells that may lead to a diagnosis of cervical cancer, abnormal cervical cells or an infection.


Educational Requirements

There are currently 32 accredited programs in cytotechnology in the United States and Puerto Rico. These training programs are offered at the baccalaureate, post-baccalaureate (certificate) and master degree levels and are located in both university and hospital/laboratory settings. Students may be admitted to a cytotechnology program in their junior or senior year of college or after they have completed their undergraduate studies. Specific course requirements vary somewhat among schools; however, 20 semester hours of biological science, 8 semester hours of chemistry and 3 semester hours of mathematics, statistics or equivalent are recommended.




Upon completion of a cytotechnology program accredited by  the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), in collaboration with the Cytotechnology Programs Review Committee of the American Society of Cytopathology, students are eligible to sit for a national certification examination given by the American Society for Clinical Pathology Board of Certification. Successful completion of this examination indicates attainment of entry level proficiency in the field, and individuals are then recognized as CT(ASCP) – certified cytotechnologists.


Career Opportunities

Hospitals, private laboratories, universities, government facilities and industries employ cytotechnologists. Among these practice settings, there may be supervisory, educational and administrative level positions available to cytotechnologists, with opportunities possibly requiring additional experience or education.




What is the average salary for a cytotechnologist?

The median U.S. cytotechnologist salary range is between $58,283 and $68,795 annually.
Source:, August 2010.

Where can I find accredited cytotechnology programs?

There are currently 33 accredited cytotechnology programs in the United States and Puerto Rico. Click here to view a list of the accredited programs.

What groups or associations are available for cytotechnologists?

The American Society of Cytopathology offers free membership to students currently enrolled in an accredited cytotechnology program. Other groups include the American Society for Cytotechnology and the American Society for Clinical Pathology as well as several state, regional and international associations.


Resources & Links


For more information on Choosing a Career in Cytotechnology, contact the ASC National Office:
Phone: (302) 543-6583